GUIDE TO THE
C. M. ROGERS PAPERS
1.35 CUBIC FT.
C.M. (Clarence Mord) Rogers (1873-1933) was born in Plainfield, New Jersey and grew up in Daytona Beach, Florida. His father, D.D. (David Dunham) Rogers, established a Civil Engineering Office there in 1875, and after C. M. Rogers graduated from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in 1903, he joined his father in the firm. In the course of their careers, C. M. and his father produced hundreds of maps, surveys, and drawings - often under the most difficult conditions. These covered the period 1880 to 1933, and the eastern portion of Florida from Jacksonville to Key West.
C.M. honed his bridge making skills in the early 1900’s when he was engaged in the Key West extension of Henry Flagler’s railroad. In 1911, he was chief engineer for St. Lucie County, laying out a system of hard-surfaced roads. From 1912 to 1914, C.M. was design engineer and engineer in Ft. Pierce for construction of water works, electric light plant, and sewerage system. In 1915, C. M. Rogers started work on the Cocoa-Merritt Island Bridge and in 1919 he was again chief engineer for the Melbourne-Indialantic Bridge.
C.M. Rogers was much respected for his integrity and character, and his opinions were sought by national, state, and community leaders. He married Louise F. Mannl in 1905 and by her had nine children.
Scope and Content
There are 21 copies of early U.S. Field Notes from which Rogers and his father worked. The early copies were hand written while later ones were typed. The original field notes were done between 1834 and 1888 but it is unknown when the copies were made. Also included are ten hand-written survey maps of lands in Brevard County. These were drawn in the 19th Century. In addition, there are nine survey plats drawn in the early 20th Century.
The collection deals mostly with Rogers’ construction of three bridges in Brevard County, Florida, and the laying out and paving of roads in Cocoa and Merritt Island. The Cocoa-Merritt Island Bridge was completed in 1917. Rogers’ correspondence includes: itemized cost estimates, methods of procedure, notice to bidders, and a hand-written list of contractors and the payments to them. Included are many letters
and proposals from various companies and some local businesses. There is an advertisement promoting the sale of gold bonds. This document describes in detail the assets of the surrounding area, particularly the city of Cocoa.
Later, the roads on Merritt Island were laid out and paved, and a bridge across the Banana River to Cocoa Beach was completed in 1923. Rogers had an assistant, W.J. Weir, and this collection includes his many hand-written progress reports.
The Melbourne-Indialantic Bridge was completed in 1921... These papers include Rogers’ correspondence with Ernest Kouwen-Hoven, the developer of Indialantic-by-
the-Sea. Rogers’ chief assistant was, again, W.J.Weir and his many hand written progress reports are included.
The collection also includes papers on the drainage in West Palm Beach in 1903, the Fort Pierce public works system from 1911 to 1914, St. Lucie roadwork in 1912, and the Daytona Bridge in 1923.
In 1915, Rogers claimed that some people, including Mayor Titus were trying to defame him. An indictment was brought against Rogers & Rogers and then annulled in 1918.
The collection is organized into 6 series
1. U.S. Field Notes
2. Cocoa-Merritt Island Bridge
3. Cocoa and Merritt Island Roadwork
4. Banana River Bridge (from Merritt Island to Cocoa Beach)
5. Melbourne-Indialantic Bridge
6. Fort Pierce Public Works System.
The collection is arranged by series and then in chronological order within the series. The survey maps are catalogued and stored in the map drawers.
C.M. Rogers’ three granddaughters (Mary McFall, Elizabeth Sarver, and Julia Childs) donated these papers and maps between 1998 and 2000.
There are no restrictions on access.
Rogers, C.M. (Clarence Mord) - Archives
Florida - Surveyors - 19th century
Florida - Construction projects - early 20th century
Florida - Survey maps - Brevard County
U.S. Field Notes Series Listed by Township, Range, Surveyor, and Date
Folder 1 T 17 R30 1834
Folder 2 T16 R33 includes T19 R32 1835
Folder 3 T18 R34 Henry Washington 1844
Folder 4 T 23,24 R36 A.H. Jones 1844
Folder 5 T30 R38,39 1844
Folder 6 T42 R43 A.H. Jones 1845. Resurveyed W.J. Reyes 1858
Folder 7 T18 R32 F.L. Ming 1835. H. Washington 1843 . Geo.Houston 1846
Folder 8 T20 R35, also 19/35, 19/33. Jos R. Richard, H. Washington, David Burr
Folder 9 T18,19 R34 C.C. Tracy. 1848
Folder 10 T16,17 R29,30 A.W. Randolph 1849
Folder 11 T10 R25 A. MacKay 1849
Folder 12 T18 R34 David H. Burr 1850
Folder 13 T18 R35 1859
Folder 14 T32 R40 William S. Harris 1859
Folder 15 T57 R42 M.A. Williams 1872
Folder 16 T63 R38 C.F. Smith 1873
Folder 17 T67 R27 C.F. Smith 1873
Folder 18 T17,18 R29 includes 18/30 1852
Folder 19 T17 R34 David H. Barr 1849
Folder 20 T21 R35 1844
Folder 21 T31 R31,32
Cocoa - Merritt Island Bridge Series
Folder 1 1913. Handwritten letter from Otto Grosse pertaining to a mass meeting to discuss a bridge from Cocoa to Merritt Island.
Folder 2 1915. “Method of Procedure”. Handwritten and signed by Rogers.
Folder 3 1915-1917. Soundings, test borings, and dredge fill.
Folder 4 1915. Requests from various companies to furnish lumber, reinforced concrete & steel, and draw bridge. Itemized estimate of total cost
Folder 5 1915. More requests from companies interested in bidding.
Folder 6 1916 Feb-May. Correspondence with Gus Edwards and local businesses concerning approval of bonds and type of bridge.
A six page draft of the bridge specifications.
Folder 7 1916. Advertisement for sale of gold bonds to finance bridge. Gives a glowing account of Cocoa and “Merritt’s Island”.
Folder 8 1916 July . Notice To Bidders.
Folder 9 1916 Aug. Inquiries & proposals from various companies.
Folder 10 1916 Sept. More inquiries & proposals.
Folder 11 1916-1917 More inquiries & proposals.
Folder 12 Handwritten list of contractors and payments to them.
Cocoa and Merritt Island Roadwork Series
Folder 13 1915, 1916. Estimates on paving Cocoa roads. Notice To Bidders.
Folder 14 1917. Cost of bridge and connecting roads on Merritt Island. Also a letter from A.A. Buck suggesting using “shell from convenient shell
mounds” to resurface the marl roads.
Folder 15 1918-1920. Includes 5 letters from Gus Edwards on the different routes across Merritt Island to New Found Harbor.
Melbourne-Indialantic Bridge Series
Folder 1 1917-1921. Letters to obtain permits. Letters to companies and individuals interested in construction of bridge.
Folder 2 1917-1918. Correspondence between Rogers and Ernest Kouwen-Hoven. Rogers agrees to do “all necessary engineering and superintendence
for 10% of the cost of the bridge.
Folder 3 1919-1921. More Rogers and Kouwen-Hoven correspondence.
Folder 4 Invoices from Kouwen-Hoven’s company.
Folder 5 1919. Letters between Rogers and W.J. Weir. Includes Weir’s hand written progress reports.
Folder 6 Typed transcripts of Weir’s reports.
Folder 7 Advertisements for Indialantic-By-the-Sea. Reprint of picture of the Melbourne Bridge.
Fort Pierce Public Works System Series
Folder 8 1911-1914. Water works and sewer systems.
Folder 9 1912-1913 Electric Light plant.
Folder 10 Typed outline of above correspondence done by Rogers’ granddaughters. There is a brief description of the contents, grouped by correspondent.